Modern-day Laos has its roots in the ancient Lao kingdom of Lan Xang, established in the 14th Century under King FA NGUM. For 300 years Lan Xang had influence reaching into present-day Cambodia and Thailand, as well as over all of what is now Laos. After centuries of gradual decline, Laos came under the domination of Siam (Thailand) from the late 18th century until the late 19th century when it became part of French Indochina. The Franco-Siamese Treaty of 1907 defined the current Lao border with Thailand. In 1975, the Communist Pathet Lao took control of the government ending a six-century-old monarchy and instituting a strict socialist regime closely aligned to Vietnam. A gradual, limited return to private enterprise and the liberalization of foreign investment laws began in 1988. Laos became a member of ASEAN in 1997 and WTO in 2013. -CIA World Factbook
The Plain of Jars is on the plateau of Xieng Khouang. The function of the megalithic “jars” is still uncertain (each is large enough for a person to stand within), but it is believed that they may have been used as burial containers from approximately 500 BCE to 500 CE. There are more than 90 different sites and each site has from 1 to 400 jars.