State, Society, and Minorities in South and Southeast Asia
Sunil Kukreja (Editor)
South and Southeast Asia continue to be extremely critical regions, deeply intertwined and bound in many ways by centuries of intersecting histories. As the recent experiences of rapid and transformative political and economic changes in several countries in these two regions illustrate, these changes have significant bearing on and are simultaneously affected by the legacy and continued dynamic of dominant-minority group relations. To be sure, while the dynamics of dominant-minority relations in each country are distinct and often mitigated by distinct historical conditions, the phenomenon of these dominant-minority relations, especially along ethnic and religious fault lines, are deeply consequential to many of the nations in these regions. This book, featuring eight case studies, provides a multidisciplinary and multi-layered assessment of the salience of the ethnic and religious realities in shaping various South and Southeast Asian nations. Featuring chapters on Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia, this volume provides a deep appreciation of the challenges that these societies confront in integrating and/or responding to specific ethnic and/or religious based conflicts and tensions.
Religion in Southeast Asia: An Encyclopedia of Faiths and Cultures
Jesudas M. Athyal (Author, Editor)
In this unprecedented profile of the religions of Southeast Asia, scholars from around the world explore the faiths, spiritual practices, and theological dogmas of the region. The book contains a fascinating collection of accurate, detailed articles; informative sidebars; and an extensive list of reference materials, all of which uncover beliefs in that part of the world. Discussions of ancient religions, combined with a look at contemporary trends, feature topics such as religious fundamentalism, secularism, and globalization. Through 150 alphabetically arranged entries, this encyclopedia investigates the religions and religious traditions of countries such as Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, and the Philippines, among others. Written in an accessible style, this comprehensive reference looks at a variety of belief systems, including Buddhism, Confucianism, tribal practices, Hinduism, Jainism, and Zoroastrianism. A selected, general bibliography offers a listing of the most important print and electronic resources on the topic.
Southeast Asian Muslims in the Era of Globalization
Ken Miichi (Editor), Omar Farouk (Editor), and Naohiro Kitano (Contributor)
Islam and Muslims in Southeast Asia have often been described using two sets of very contradictory terms. On the one hand, they are imagined as being Sufistic, syncretistic and localized, as opposed to their counterparts in the Middle East who are considered to be orthodox and ‘fanatical’. On the other, after the 9/11 attacks and especially after the October 2002 Bali bombing in Indonesia, the danger of radical Islam has been emphasized with Southeast Asia suddenly becoming a new location in the War on Terror. This volume seeks to bridge the gap between these opposing perceptions and demonstrate the appropriate position of Islam in Southeast Asia by looking at the Muslim responses to globalization and processes of negotiation. Foreign ideas, goods and texts are creatively adapted and re-contextualized in local situations, acquiring a localized cultural meaning. However, globalization aptly adapts to local conditions, penetrating deep inside territories. The contributors examine how Southeast Asian Muslims respond to globalization in their particular regional, national and local settings, and suggest global solutions for key local issues.
Routledge Handbook of Southeast Asian Democratization
Southeast Asia, an economically dynamic and strategically vital region, seemed until recently to be transiting to more democratic politics. This progress has suddenly stalled or even gone into reverse, requiring that analysts seriously rethink their expectations and theorizing. The Routledge Handbook of Southeast Asian Democratization provides the first book-length account of the reasons for democracy’s declining fortunes in the region today. Combining theory and case studies, it is structured in four major sections: 1) Stunted Trajectories and Unhelpful Milieus, 2) Wavering Social Forces, 3) Uncertain Institutions and 4) Country cases and democratic guises. This interdisciplinary reference work addresses topics including the impact of belief systems, historical records, regional and global contexts, civil society, ethnicity, women, Islam, and social media. The performance of political institutions is also assessed, and the volume offers a series of in-depth case studies, evaluating the country records of particular democratic, hybrid, and authoritarian regimes from a democratization perspective. Bringing together nearly 30 key international experts in the field, this cutting-edge Handbook offers a comprehensive and fresh investigation into democracy in the region This timely survey will be essential reading for scholars and students of Democratization and Asian Politics, as well as policymakers concerned with democracy’s setbacks in Southeast Asia and the implications for the region’s citizens.